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 unit04: business is business

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nihal sba




PostSubject: unit04: business is business   Thu 5 Mar - 22:04

Unit: MANAGEMENT & EFFICIENCY


Project: compiling a business portfolio P174



Preview (p.158)

Go through the preview and brainstorm the project work.



Think it over (p159)

Interacting with students using the picture. The students will be introduced to the topic of the unit.



Words to say (p159)

The focus in this activity is on shift of stress in words due to a change in their category.
verb
nouns
adjectives





Ø produce

Ø Product

Ø Production

Ø Productivity

Ø Producer

Ø produce





Ø Productive

Ø unproductive





Discovering language(pp.160-162)

Before you read(p160)

Students will check their answers by referring to the letters included in pages 160and 161.

a- The expression “handle with care” is written on packets/boxes containing (easily broken) fragile objects which are in transit.

b- I think that she sells vases.

c- She feels angry because the vases have been damaged in transit.

As you read (pp.160-161)

Aim: reading for general ideas

Act. One (p160)

The letter which the picture p160 best illustrates is letter C



Act. Two (p160)

Aim: reading for specific information



A/ the letters are business letters. They are written for business transaction.

B/ 1- order placement –D

2- Letter of complaint –C

3- order/ receipt of acknowledgement--B

4- Advice of dispatch –A

C/ chronological order in which the letters are sent: D-B-A-C
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nihal sba




PostSubject: Re: unit04: business is business   Thu 5 Mar - 22:05

After you read(p162)

Aim: link words expressing purpose



Grammar desk (p162)

a- the link words written in bold express purpose

b- All the main clauses are in the front/first part of the sentences and the subordinate ones in the second part (after the conjunctions written in bold)

c- Sentence4: the verb in the main clause is in the present continuous tense,

Whereas that of the verb in the subordinate clause is in the future tense.

Sentence 5: the verb in the main clause is in the future tense whereas the second verb is preceded by can.

d- The sentence which is acceptable is the following:

We would like our order to be processed promptly in order not to miss the summer sale

This one is not acceptable.

We would like our order to be processed promptly not to miss the summer sale.

Grammar Reference: P207

Expressing purpose of an action:

Ø To/ so as to/ in order to; are used to express purpose

Ø Negative purpose: we use; not to, so as not, in order not to

Ø So that and in order that:

- So that/ in order that + modals: will, can and may

- So that/ in order that + will not/won’t

- So that/ in order that + modals: should/ would/ might/ could

- So that/ in order that + wouldn’t/ might not/ could not



Practice (p162)

Act. One (p162)

Aim: The students should develop introductory sentences



a- Dear sir,

I am writing to congratulate you for the new born baby.

b- Dear sir,

I am writing to apologize for the offence.

c- Dear sir,

I am writing to apply for the job advertised in USA today.

d- Dear sir,

I am writing to enquire about the quotations for spring and summer clothing.

e- Dear sir,

I am faxing you information about the merger of our company with the Yamakachi Company.
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nihal sba




PostSubject: Re: unit04: business is business   Thu 5 Mar - 22:05

Act two (page 162)

Aim: using of the link word so that

-a- would you therefore please let us know about your wishes as soon as possible so that we can reserve the rooms you need.

-b-Please, place your order for our new range of products by 15Decemer so that you can benefit from the discount prices on the price list.



Write it right (p163)

Aim: writing a business letter

Act one (p163)

Dear Mr..............,

We are writing to ask for information about the city of Oran. We are a group of manufacturers of airconditioners from Leeds and we are interested in opening a business in Oran. Would you please send us information about the following?

a. working hours

b. languages spoken 88

c. Working force...

Thank you in advance for any information you can provide us with.

We look forward to receiving you reply.

Yours faithfully

Air and Co.,

Act two (p163)

Aim: replying to a letter of enquiry

The activity can be related to the area where students live.



























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nihal sba




PostSubject: Re: unit04: business is business   Thu 5 Mar - 22:06

Say it loud and clear (p164):

Act One: (p164)

Aim: Contrastive and corrective sentence stress

You can put stress on the words starting either from the beginning or from the end of the sentence. The focus is on the shift of stress at the sentence level.

a- June b- Algiers c- business d- going e- you



Act two (p164)

The focus is on corrective stress.

You: are you goingon business trip to Algiers in June?

Your partner: no, I’m going on a business trip to Algiers in July.



You: are you going on a business trip to Algiers in June?

Your partner: no, I’m going on a business trip to Oran in July



You: are you going on a business trip to Algiers in July?

Your partner: no, I’m going on a holiday trip to Oranin July



You: are you going on business trip to Algiers in June?

Your partner: no, Mary is going on a business trip to Oranin July



WORKING WITH WORDS (p165)

Act one (p165)

Aim: Prefixes: mis- dis- in- re- im- un- mal-

Memo

The employees of the company are dissatisfied with their working conditions. Some of them complain about mistreatment and malpractice while others say that the wages are unfair and that the managers are insensitive to their feelings.

The present organization of our company is not efficient. It is time to rearrange and reorganize it so as to re-establish good labour relations.

It is impossible to improve production and productivity if the policy of wages is not reconsidered.



Act two (p165)

Students will write their own Profit and Loss statements and Balance Sheets. If necessary they can get help from their accountancy teacher
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nihal sba




PostSubject: Re: unit04: business is business   Thu 5 Mar - 22:06


DEVELOPING SKILLS:



Listening and speaking (pp 166-167)

Act one (p166)

Aim: reading for general ideas

a- Advertisement

b- In newspapers and magazines

c- The short texts on the left hand side of the page are ‘work wanted’ ads; the text on the right hand side is a firm offer of recruitment (situations vacant)



Act two (p166)

Aim: listening for gist



The speakersare talking about the advert onright hand side of thepage. (Offer of recruitment/situations vacant)



Act three (p166)

Aim: Listening for specific information



Students should use their own words in giving their summaries. They are supposed to identify the situation, the actors and the problem.



TIP BOX:

Aim: Managing through a conversation

When participating in conversation, you should make comments to show that you are interested.



Your Turn (p.167-168)

Act One (p.167)

Aim: present perfect simple

Go through the tip box before moving on to the activities in this rubric.

The example in the textbook will serve as a model.

You: have you prepared yourself for the interview?

Your partner: yes, I have already prepared myself



You: have you received a reply for the job?

Your partner: no, not yet. I hope I‘ll get it.



The present perfect simple:


HAS/HAVE+ PAST PARTCIPLE


We use it to talk about a period of time that continues up to the present. We use it with: yet, already, for, since, this morning, this evening, today, this week, this term, this year....., just, in the past few years/ in the last few years/ in
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nihal sba




PostSubject: Re: unit04: business is business   Thu 5 Mar - 22:07

the past few days/ in the last few days......, how many times, always, this is the first time, it is the first time......, ever, never, now, recently, so far.



Act Two (p.168)

Illustrate the difference between the present perfect simple and the present perfect continuous. Then make the students play the snippets of the dialogue as indicated in the instruction.



The present perfect continuous:

HAS/ HAVE+ BEEN+ VERB+ ING


We use it when we talk about an action which began in the past and has recently stopped or just stopped.

We use it with: since, for, a long time, too long/ long, how long, all day.....during two days...../years/ during the year.



Write it up (p.168)

Aim: writing a report



Act One (p.168)



Rashid: he has been working in the sales department for two months, and he has already mastered all the selling techniques.



Omar: he has been working for six months, but he has not got the list of all workers in his shift yet.



Rashid: she has been directing a research project since January last year, and she still hasn’t completed it.



Omar: she has been training to become manager since2005, and she has just only gotthe appointment to the position.





Act Two (p.169)

Aim: Writing an annual report using the vocabulary included in page 169



The production has increased steadily from 650,000 to over 1 million packets of pasta. The number of accidents has fallen sharply from 20 to 2. Absenteeism has fallen to the lowest point.
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nihal sba




PostSubject: Re: unit04: business is business   Thu 5 Mar - 22:08

Reading and writing:(pp.170-171)

Act One (p.170)

Aim: discussing picture and graph



- The picture represents the American women who helped in the war effort in World War II by working outside their homes.

- The graph represents the growth in the number of firms owned by women in the late 1980s and 1990s.



Act Two:

Aim: read for general ideas

Check the guesses you have not checked in activity one.



Act Three:

Aim:

read for specific information, asking and answering questions



a- American women went to work outside the home during World War II in order to/so that they might help in the war effort.

b- They continued to work after the war in order to/ in order that they might/contribute to the rebuilding of their country’s economy.

c- In the 1960’s many of them preferred to stay at home to take care of their children.

d- Their husbands bought them cars so that they could drive their children to school.

e- They supplied them with washing machines and cookers to help them spend less time on housework.

f- They furnished them with TV sets in order to prevent them from being bored during their free time.



Act Four (pp.170-171)

TIP BOX: to infer/ deduce meaning from the text



Aim: making inferences



Paragraph 1: World War II gave American women the opportunity to work outside their homes.

Paragraph 2: the decrease in the number of working women in the 60’s and 70’s was caused by economic prosperity.



Paragraph 3: American women worked outside again in the late 1970s and 1980s because of economic crisis.



Write it out (pp172-173)
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nihal sba




PostSubject: Re: unit04: business is business   Thu 5 Mar - 22:08

Act one (p172):

Aim: use of link words that express purpose



a- After the war, American women continued to work side by side with American men for sometime in order that they might contribute to the building of their country’s economy.

ü After the war, American women continued to work side by side with American men in order to contribute to the building of their country’seconomy.

b- Many of them preferred staying at home so that they could take care of their children

ü Many of them preferred staying at home so as to take care of their children



c- The highly salaried husbands bought them cars so that they could drive their children to school and back

ü The highly salaried husbands bought them cars in order to drive their children to school and back



d- They also supplied them with brand new washing machines and cookers so that they would spendless time on housework.

ü They also supplied them with brand new washing machines and cookers so as to spendless time on housework.



e- They furnished them with TV sets so that they might not feel bored during their free time

ü They furnished them with TV sets so as not to feel bored during their free time



Act two (p172):

Aim: use link words and the modals

a- She took more than forty word-processing lessons in order to have a job promotion

ü She took more than forty word-processing lessons so that she could have a job promotion

b- The government refuses to increase the wages so as not to cause inflation

ü the government refuses to increase the wages in order that they may not cause inflation

c- in order to increase the sales, the company recruited an expert in marketing.

ü The company recruited an expert in marketing so that the sales would increase.

d- To protect the local industry, the government imposed new tariffs on imports.

ü the government imposed new tariffs on imports in order that the local industry could be protected
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nihal sba




PostSubject: Re: unit04: business is business   Thu 5 Mar - 22:09

a- In order not to disappoint private exporters, the government will lower the duties.

ü The government will lower the duties so that private exporters may not be disappointed.



Act three (p173)

Aim: writing a confidential report using link words and modals



Introduction:

The purpose of this report is to evaluate the performance of Leila Derradj, Production Manager of Autocar, during the year 2005. The report details the decisions that Leila Derradj took month by month in several areas.



Findings:

Leila Derradj was appointed on 2 January, 2005 so that she would help increase production.

In February, she re-organized the department so as to have more control on the staff and the work to be done. In March, she introduced break time for workers on the assembly line so that they could improve production. She introduced also a flexible time scheme for female employees of the company. In April, she put suggestion boxes in order that workers might give their opinion on the company. On June, she held a meeting with the workers so that they could participate in decision-making. Finally she introduced new items in work contract for workers......



Conclusion:

Leila Derradj’s decisions have led to a new management style. The annual turnover has increased steadily. There has been a peak in productivity and sales have increased considerably which has made profits reach a sharp rise. I therefore strongly recommend maintaining Miss Leila Derradj in her position as production manager of Autocar.
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PostSubject: Re: unit04: business is business   Fri 6 Mar - 22:19

What an organized work!
I endlessly thank you our generous Mrs.Nihal .As we all knowthe people of sba are too kind .



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PostSubject: Re: unit04: business is business   Sat 7 Mar - 6:33

Thank you so much dear sister nihal for the very nice work.May Allah reward you.
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PostSubject: Re: unit04: business is business   Sun 8 Mar - 19:13

May Allah bless you , madam
That's to generous of you.
Hope all colleagues follow your path



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PostSubject: Re: unit04: business is business   Tue 28 Apr - 18:58

Thank you Mrs. Nidhalm SBA for your generosity.

May Allah bless you



ThnxOV



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