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 Conditions of Laa ilaaha illa-Allaah....

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sacha
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PostSubject: Conditions of Laa ilaaha illa-Allaah....   Sun 19 Apr - 11:52

Question:
Can you please explain the conditions of Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah
(knowledge, certainty, etc), and tell us the rulings on one who does
not attain them and one who is ignorant of the meaning of Laa ilaaha
ill-Allaah?



Answer:
Praise be to Allaah.

The conditions of Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah. Shaykh Haafiz al-Hukmi said in his poem Sullam al-Wusool :

“Knowledge, certainty, submission and following. So listen to what I say.

Truthfulness, sincerity and love. May Allaah help you to do that which He loves.”

The first condition is knowledge, in the sense of negating what is
negated in the Shahaadah and affirming what is affirmed therein – as
opposed to being ignorant of that.

Allaah says (interpretation of the meanings):

“So know (O Muhammad) that Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allaah)…” [Muhammad 47:19]

“except for those who bear witness to the truth knowingly” – i.e.,
that there is no god except Allaah (laa ilaaha ill-Allaah) – “and they
know” – in their hearts the meaning of the words that they utter with
their lips. [al-Zukhruf 43:86]

It is narrated in al-Saheeh from ‘Uthmaan (may Allaah be pleased
with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah
be upon him) said: “Whoever dies knowing that there is no god except
Allaah will enter Paradise.”

The second condition is certainty, in the sense that the one who
says these words is absolutely certain of their meaning. Faith is not
sufficient unless it is based on certain knowledge with no element of
speculation, let alone doubt. Allaah says (interpretation of the
meaning):

“Only those are the believers who have believed in Allaah and His
Messenger, and afterward doubt not but strive with their wealth and
their lives for the Cause of Allaah. Those! They are the
truthful”[al-Hujuraat 49:15]

The sincerity of their faith in Allaah and His Messenger is conditional
upon there being no element of doubt therein, As for the doubter, he is
one of the hypocrites. In al-Saheeh it is narrated that Abu Hurayrah
said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
him) said: ‘Bear witness that there is no god except Allaah and that I
am the Messenger of Allaah, for no person meets Allaah with these two,
not doubting in them, but he will enter Paradise.’” According to
another report: “No person meets Allaah with these two, not doubting in
them, and is denied Paradise.”

And it was also narrated from Abu Hurayrah in a lengthy hadeeth that
the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) sent him and
said, “Whoever you meet behind this wall who bears witness that there
is no god except Allaah, believing in it with certainty in his heart,
then give him the glad tidings of Paradise.”

Thus we see that a person’s entering Paradise for saying these words is
conditional upon his believing in them with certainty in his heart,
with no element of doubt. If this condition is not met the target is
not met.

The third condition is acceptance and submission to what these words
imply, both in one's heart as well as verbally. Allaah has told us the
stories of those who came before, who were saved by their acceptance of
these words from the punishment of those who had rejected them. Allaah
says (interpretation of the meaning):

“(It will be said to the angels): ‘Assemble those who did wrong,
together with their companions (from the devils) and what they used to
worship,

Instead of Allaah, and lead them on to the way of flaming Fire (Hell);

But stop them, verily, they are to be questioned.

What is the matter with you? Why do you not help one another (as you used to do in the world)?’

Nay, but that Day they shall surrender.

And they will turn to one another and question one another.

They will say: ‘It was you who used to come to us from the right side
(i.e., from the right side of one of us and beautify for us every evil,
enjoin on us polytheism, and stop us from the truth, i.e. Islamic
Monotheism and from every good deed).’

They will reply: ‘Nay, you yourselves were not believers.

And we had no authority over you. Nay! But you were Taaghoon (transgressing) people (polytheists, and disbelievers).

So now the Word of our Lord has been justified against us, that we shall certainly (have to) taste (the torment).

So we led you astray because we were ourselves astray.’

Then verily, that Day, they will (all) share in the torment.

Certainly, that is how We deal with Al‑Mujrimoon (polytheists, sinners, disbelievers, criminals, the disobedient to Allaah).

Truly, when it was said to them: Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah (none has the
right “to be worshipped but Allaah),” they puffed themselves up with
pride (i.e. denied it).

And (they) said: ‘Are we going to abandon our aalihah (gods) for the sake of a mad poet?’”[al-Saffaat 37:22-36]

So Allaah has made the reason and cause of their punishment their
arrogant refusal to say Laa ilaah ill-Allaah, and their disbelief in
the one who brought this message, so that they did not negate what this
word negates and they did not affirm what it affirms, rather they said,
arrogantly denouncing:

“ ‘Has he made the aalihah (gods) (all) into One Ilaah (God — Allaah). Verily, this is a curious thing!’

And the leaders among them went about (saying): ‘Go on, and remain
constant to your aalihah (gods)! Verily, this is a thing designed
(against you)!’”[Saad 38:5]

So Allaah showed them to be liars and threw their words back at them
through the words of His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be
upon him). He said (interpretation of the meaning):

“Nay! he (Muhammad) has come with the truth (i.e. Allaah’s religion —
Islamic Monotheism and this Qur’aan) and he confirms the Messengers
(before him who brought Allaah’s religion — Islamic
Monotheism)”[al-Saffaat 37:37]

Then He said concerning those who accept it (interpretation of the meaning):

“Save the chosen slaves of Allaah (i.e. the true believers of Islamic Monotheism).

For them there will be a known provision (in Paradise),

Fruits; and they shall be honoured,

In the Gardens of Delight (Paradise)”[al-Saffaat 37:40-43]

In al-Saheeh it is narrated from Abu Moosa (may Allaah be pleased with
him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
“The guidance and knowledge with which Allaah has sent me is like
abundant rain which falls on the land. Some of the land absorbs the
water and brings forth much grass and vegetation. And some of (the
rain) falls on another part of the land which is like a smooth plain
and does not hold the water, so no vegetation grows. That is the
likeness of the one who understands the religion of Allaah and benefits
from that with which Allaah has sent me, so he learns and acts, and the
likeness of the one who pays no heed and does not accept the guidance
of Allaah with which I have been sent.

The fourth condition is following that which is indicated, as opposed
to not following it. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And whosoever submits his face (himself) to Allaah, while he is a
Muhsin (good‑doer, i.e. performs good deeds totally for Allaah’s sake),
then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold” – i.e., Laa ilaaha
ill-Allaah – “And to Allaah return all matters for decision”[Luqmaan
31:22]

What is meant by “submitting one’s face” is following, when one is also
a doer of good and a believer in Tawheed. Whoever does not submit his
face to Allaah and is not a doer of good has not grasped the most
trustworthy handhold. This is what is meant by the following aayah
(interpretation of the meaning):

“And whoever disbelieves, let not his disbelief grieve you (O
Muhammad). To Us is their return, and We shall inform them what they
have done…”[Luqmaan 31:23]

According to a saheeh hadeeth, the Messenger of Allaah (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “none of you truly believes
until his desire is in accordance with that which I have brought.” This
is the ultimate meaning of following.

The fifth condition is truthfulness, as opposed to lying. This means
that one says it (Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah) sincerely from the heart, with
harmony between what is in the heart and what is said on the lips.
Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Do people think that they will be left alone because they say: ‘We believe,’ and will not be tested.

And We indeed tested those who were before them. And Allaah will
certainly make (it) known (the truth of) those who are true, and will
certainly make (it) known (the falsehood of) those who are liars,
(although Allaah knows all that before putting them to
test)”[al-‘Ankaboot 29:2-3]

And He said concerning the hypocrites who spoke these words falsely (interpretation of the meaning):

“And of mankind, there are some (hypocrites) who say: ‘We believe in Allaah and the Last Day,’ while in fact they believe not.

They (think to) deceive Allaah and those who believe, while they only deceive themselves, and perceive (it) not!

In their hearts is a disease (of doubt and hypocrisy) and Allaah has
increased their disease. A painful torment is theirs because they used
to tell lies” [al-Baqarah 2:8-10]

In al-Saheehayn it is narrated from Mu’aadh ibn Jabal (may Allaah be
pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be
upon him) said, “there is no one who bears witness that there is no god
except Allaah and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger, sincerely
from the heart, but Allaah will make him forbidden for the Fire.”

The sixth condition is sincerity, which means that actions are free
from any element of shirk. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):


“Surely, the religion (i.e. the worship and the obedience) is for Allaah only [al-Zumar 39:3]

“Say (O Muhammad): ‘Allaah Alone I worship by doing religious deeds sincerely for His sake only’”[al-Zumar 39:14]

In al-Saheeh it is narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The most deserving
of my intercession are those who say Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah sincerely
from the heart or from the soul.”

The seventh condition is love for this word and for what it
implies and indicates, and love for the people who act upon it and
adhere to its conditions and hate whoever or whatever goes against it.
Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides
Allaah as rivals (to Allaah). They love them as they love
Allaah”[al-Baqarah 2:165]

Allaah tells us that those who believe love Allaah more, because
they do not associate anything with Him in that love, as is done by
those among the mushrikeen who claim to love Him but who also take
others as rivals to Him whom they love as they love Him.

In al-Saheehayn it is narrated from Anas that the Messenger of Allaah
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “No one of you truly
believes until I am more beloved to him that his son, his father and
all of mankind.”
































































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PostSubject: Re: Conditions of Laa ilaaha illa-Allaah....   Thu 23 Apr - 14:31

Thank you Sacha
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Aridj
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PostSubject: Re: Conditions of Laa ilaaha illa-Allaah....   Tue 28 Apr - 21:55



**SACHA
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